Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is a form of real-time Internet text messaging (chat) or synchronous conferencing.[1] It is mainly designed for group communication in discussion forums, called channels,[2] but also allows one-to-one communication via private message[3] as well as chat and data transfers via Direct Client-to-Client.[4]
As of May 2009, the top 100 IRC networks served more than half a million users at a time, with hundreds of thousands of channels (the vast majority of which stand mostly vacant), operating on a total of roughly 1,500 servers worldwide.[5]
IRC was created by Jarkko Oikarinen in August 1988 to replace a program called MUT (MultiUser Talk) on a BBS called OuluBox in Finland. Oikarinen found inspiration in a chat system known as Bitnet Relay, which operated on the BITNET.[6]
IRC was used to report on the 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt throughout a media blackout.[7] It was previously used in a similar fashion during the Gulf War.[8] Logs of these and other events are kept in the ibiblio archive.[9]
IRC client software is available for virtually every computer operating system that supports TCP/IP networking.


Amateur radio operator from Malaysia

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